You see students who earn associate or bachelor’s degrees in high school yet your college tells you your teen can’t do this until they graduate high school. Who’s right?
After 30 Credits
Most teens in the HS4CC community graduate high school with about 30 college credits. They enter college as a freshman and pursue their degree like any typical student. But what about students with more credit than that? 60 credits can complete an associate degree, and 120 can complete a bachelor’s, so what about finishing a full degree in high school? Yep! We see that too. The frustration for many parents comes when they get beyond 30 credits and start thinking about a degree for their teen. Often the advice they receive is conflicting or restrictive or that they just shouldn’t do it.
When students have completed college courses while in high school, they considered first-time students. This is based on the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) definition that states “students who enter the institution with advanced standing (college credits earned before graduation from high school) are considered First-time Students.” If you want your student to apply to college after high school as a freshman (yes, even with a degree) they must stop earning college credit when they graduate high school. If you graduate your teen from high school on June 10th, then they should not take college classes that start after June 10th. It’s ok if they finish classes that started during high school, but they shouldn’t start AFTER high school.
Degree Before HS Graduation
To stay inside the IPEDS definition of a first time freshman, your student should finish their degree in high school. As an example, the student’s college degree may be awarded on June 9th and then the parent would award the high school diploma on June 10th. Since you probably can’t alter your teen’s graduation date if you’ve already submitted it to a college, you’ll have to either leave their graduation date as “anticipated” on their high school transcript, or avoid giving them the date until you have confirmed that all the dates are going to line up the way you need them to. Unless your state says otherwise, parents are usually the authority who determines that high school graduation requirements have been met and the date that this happens.
Where Do Degrees Come From and How to Get One
This is not a prank question- you really have to understand how this works before you can even think about your teen getting a degree. The #1 biggest mistake parents make is trying to enroll their teen in a college program as a regular college degree-seeking student before they’ve graduated high school. The college will then send them a rejection with a letter stating something to the effect of “you have to graduate your student first, and then you can apply.” This is confusing since parents are observing people in our community getting degrees all day long! What gives?
We aren’t going to get into the accreditation aspect, I want to make this as clear and simple as I can: ALL COLLEGES require students to be high school graduates (or equivalent) before they can be degree seeking. All colleges, all students. Every time.
Now, if someone isn’t, some colleges (community colleges) have GED programs, etc. but you have to cross that goal post prior to degree seeking eligibility. Unless…
Dual enrollment is an exception. When a college allows dual enrollment, the college has received permission to allow students to enroll without having a high school diploma. This is a special case, and is why dual enrollment is unique. (Dual enrollments’ uniqueness is why parents sometimes get incorrect information from a college’s admissions department- they are answering as if your student were actually a college student, not a dual enrollment student).
In order for you teen to earn a DEGREE before high school graduation, you have to find a college that (a) offers dual enrollment (b) allows your student to enroll (c) offers degrees to dual enrolled students. Not all colleges do. One more small consideration, even in states where the awarding of degrees to high school students is not prohibited by the state’s Department of Education, colleges still may opt to deny this opportunity to teens. In my city, we have 2 community colleges a few miles apart, both are state-funded free dual enrollment programs, but one college allows awarding a degree in high school and the other doesn’t.
Not Everyone Will Qualify
If your state has a dual enrollment program, that’s where you should start. If the program awards associate degrees to regular students, then you can inquire whether or not they can award them to high school students. If they say “yes” then great, proceed with enthusiasm. If they say “no” you’ll want to trust but verify. No is easy to say when someone doesn’t know, so go ahead and check your state’s Department of Education for policies surrounding the state’s dual enrollment program. If the program isn’t state-funded, it may be harder to find, but if the verbage doesn’t forbid it, it’s worth trying and asking them for consideration.
What About the Big 3?
Many of our HS4CC “success stories” celebrate students who earn bachelor’s degrees from one of a small handful of colleges (Big 3= Excelsior University, Thomas Edison State University, or Charter Oak State College). None of these colleges offer dual enrollment, so what these families are doing is outsourcing 100% of their teen’s credits using alternative credits like Sophia, Studycom, CLEP, etc. and then leaving the minimum requirements (about 2 classes) for last. The family then graduates their teen from high school, applies for college, finishes the last 2 classes, and then graduates college. These last 3 items are executed over the course of a few months or 1 semester. This can only be done if you’re really really resourceful and very very careful- this is not something the college will help you with. (Why? Because they want you to enroll with them and take their cla$$es after high school.)
What About Liberty, Franklin, SNHU, and Others?
There are a few other colleges we sometimes call the “Next 9” because they follow the Big 3 in several ways and as a set make up a dozen colleges that are super-transfer friendly. The two notable points here are that they (a) allow a family to outsource nearly as many credits (all but 30) and (b) these colleges offer dual enrollment!*
Pop quiz: Why does offering dual enrollment matter? Because dual enrollment is the special exception when a teen can enroll and pursue a degree while in high school. It’s a back door.
Recommendation for those who don’t want to finish a degree in high school.
- Earn college credit.
- Graduate from high school.
- Apply to college as a freshman/ send your transcripts.
- Complete your degree.
Recommendation for those who DO want to finish a degree in high school.
- Discuss with your teen the considerable work required to finish a 2 or 4 year college degree in high school. (you need a very motivated teen)
- Discuss which local colleges offer enrollment to high school students if your student will attend on campus, or which offer online options if they will attend remotely.
- Though cheaper, you will have to cash-flow 100% of any and all costs because financial aid is not available to high school students.
- Consider local free dual enrollment programs that lead to a degree and also guarantee transfer to a 4-year university. (these will often NOT allow a lot of alternative credit like Sophia or Studycom)
- Alternative-credit-centric plans will get the best utility at a school on the Big 3 or Next 9 list. (the better plan is for a bachelor’s degree, not an associate degree. Associate degrees from 4-year schools do not transfer well and are almost as expensive as bachelor’s degrees.)
*Big 3 & Next 9: Around 2020, I stopped using the phrase “Next 9” and the specific list of colleges because there were so many changes. You may find old blog posts of mine that mention these 9 schools, but there have been so many changes to each individual college that it’s inaccurate to group them together at this point. Each college still has a great alternative credit transfer policies, but we now also have new players that are worth considering. The Big 3 still remain the only 3 regionally accredited colleges in the country with an online residency requirement of 6-7 credits.
- Excelsior University (BIG 3)
- Thomas Edison State University (BIG 3)
- Charter Oak State College (BIG 3)
- Liberty University
- Colorado State University
- Franklin University
- Granite State College
- Southern New Hampshire University
- State University of New York (SUNY) Empire
- University of Maryland Global Campus
- Upper Iowa University
- Wilmington University